XEROSTOMIA; How to mange the dryness of the mouth.

Xerostomia (dry mouth)


Xerostomia is defined as the dryness of the mouth resulting from reduced or absent saliva flow. It is not a disease pathology, but it may be a symptom of various medical conditions, a side effect of a radiation to the head and neck, or a side effect of a wide variety of medications.

It is about 20% prevalent, with about 50%of cases found more in Elderly Individuals. It occurs more in female than in male.



  • Dehydration
  • Radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder.
  • Medications such as Bronchodilators, piriton, diuretics, omeprazole , cancer drugs etc
  • Disease conditions like sicca syndrome, sjogren’s syndrome, upper respiratory tract Infection, Diarrhea etc
  • Surgical removal of salivary gland.
  • Lifestyle such as smoking or chewing tobacco.


Saliva is regarded as a catalyst which moistens our food thereby aiding in mastication and digestion of food. It also prevents infection in the mouth.

When there is deficit production of saliva, It leads to:

  • Fatigue
  • Discomfort
  • Insomnia/ lack of sleep
  • Oral Candidiasis or thrush.
  • Dental caries.
  • Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing especially when eating dry food.
  • Sticking of tongue into the palate.
  • Cracked Lip.


  • Offer frequent sips of water or artificial saliva.
  • Encourage the person to breath through the nose and desists from breathing through the mouth.
  • Lubricate with gravies, butter, margarine, milk, cream ,or bouillon ,Sugarless hard candy, chewing gum, or popsiclesso as to stimulate saliva production.
  • . Products such as fluoride toothpaste, moisturizing gel, or mouthwash can be used to promote good oral hygiene and decrease dryness
  • . If the patient is allowed occasional ice chips, they can be made from normal saline to prevent depletion of electrolytes.
  • . Adequate post-prandial(oral hygiene) oral hygiene and prompt treatment of oral candidiasis are essential.
  • Encourage frequent mouth care.
  • Saliva substitute is available over the counter and is helpful, especially at night when patients complain of a choking sensation from extreme dryness.
  • .
  • A dry mouth is uncomfortable and can cause increased bacterial accumulation and mucous membrane breakdown
  • . Alcohol-containing mouthwashes increase dryness and should be avoided. Lemon glycerin swabs may also increase dryness .so therefore should be avoided.
  • ,Artificial saliva and oral gels can be tried for xerostomia but are often not effective.
  • Stimulation of saliva flow by sugar-free chewing gum or lozenges may be helpful.


  1. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  2. What i don’t understood is actually how you are not actually much more well-liked than you might be right now. You’re so intelligent. You realize thus considerably relating to this subject, made me personally consider it from numerous varied angles. Its like men and women aren’t fascinated unless it is one thing to do with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs excellent. Always maintain it up!

  3. Hi my friend! I wish to say that this article is awesome, nice written and include almost all vital infos. I would like to see more posts like this.

  4. Good post! We are linking to this particularly great article on our website. Keep up the good writing.

  5. Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed
    in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there!
    Appreciate it

Leave a Reply