Paronychia (Nail Infection) Facts
Paronychia is the most common nail infection.It is usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus.It’s chronic form of it is often due to fungal infection.
What Is a Paronychia (Nail Infection)?
An infection that develops along the edge of the fingernail or toenail. if left untreated, can progress to a more severe infection of the entire finger or toe. Paronychia is distinguished from other infections such as onychomycosis and herpetic whitlow by its location and appearance.
Causes a Paronychia?
Paronychias are most often caused by common skin bacteria (most commonly staphylococci bacteria) entering the skin around the nail that has been damaged by trauma, such as nail biting, finger sucking, dish washing, or chemical irritants. Fungal infection also can be a cause of chronic paronychia and is considered particularly in people with recurrent infection. Paronychia can be confused with herpetic whitlow, which can form tiny pustules on the finger and is caused by a virus, but is not typically located at the nail edge. Herpetic whitlow is not treated with an incision and drainage as can be a paronychia.
Risk factors include any trauma to the nail, nail trimming, or jobs where your nails and hands are exposed to water frequently or are exposed to solvents. Having diabetes makes you more prone to many infections, including paronychia.
Symptoms and Signs?
Redness and swelling around the nail, tender to the touch and, at times, may be a yellow-green color, indicating that a collection of pus has formed under the skin (called an abscess) of the toenail or fingernail.
Excision & Drainage, cold compresses, analgesic and antibiotics medications etc