Diarrhoea is the passage of 3 or more loose or liquid stools per day, or more frequently than is normal for the individual. It is usually a symptom of gastrointestinal infection, which can be caused by a variety of bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms. Infection is spread through contaminated food or drinking-water, or from person to person as a result of poor hygiene.
Severe diarrhoea leads to fluid loss, and may be life-threatening, particularly in young children and people who are malnourished or have impaired immunity.
- INFECTIVE DIARRHEA.
- Gastro intestinal conditions.
- Food poisoning.
- Viral diseases such as HIV/Aids.
- Rotavirus which is responsible for over 70% of diarrhea in children below 2 years.
- NON-INFECTIVE DIARRHEA.
- Drug Induced.
- Gut allergy,
- Psychogenic stress.
- Metabolic and Endocrine cause (diabetes etc)
- Passing of watery stool with varying volume sometimes associated with vomiting.
- Bloody mucoid stool if there is disease in the colon,
- Abdominal Pain / discomfort.
- Rapid pulse
- Low Blood pressure.
- Gastrointestinal Bleeding.
- Intestinal Perforation.
- Paralytic Illeus.
- Hypovolaemic Shock.
- Stool microscopy, culture and sensitivity.
- Full blood count.
- Urea, Electrolyte and Creatinine.
- Widal test.
There should be good source of water.
Proper Refuse Disposal.
Good Personal/ Environmental hygiene.
- Adequate hydration with Oral Rehydration Therapy. This can be prepared locally(Method of preparation to be discussed later) and can also be purchase in a pharmacy stores as well as over the counter.
- Use of zinc supplement .This supplement is taken 20 mg for 14 days and 10mg for children below 6 months of age.
- The Primary cause of diarrhea is being treated after ascertaining the cause/ causative factors.