- HIV is spread through semen, vaginal fluids, blood, and breast milk.
- Protect yourself by using condoms every time you have sex, and don’t share needles with anyone.
- You can also ask your doctor/Nurse about PrEP — a daily pill that helps prevent HIV.
- HIV is spread through contact with blood or sexual fluids (like semen and vaginal fluids), usually during vaginal and anal sex.
- So the only 100% certain way to avoid HIV is to not have vaginal or anal SEX (Abstinence).
- But most people do have sex at some point in their lives, so learning about HIV prevention is important but knowing how to have safer sex is important.
- Using condoms REALLY lowers your risk of getting HIV.
- If you’re going to have sex, using condoms every single time is the best way to protect yourself from HIV.
- PrEP stands for pre-exposure prophylaxis. It’s a pill you take once a day that can help you prevent HIV
- HIV continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 35 million lives so far. In 2017, 940 000 people died from HIV-related causes globally.
- There were approximately 36.9 million people living with HIV at the end of 2017 with 1.8 million people becoming newly infected in 2017 globally.
- 59% of adults and 52% of children living with HIV were receiving lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 2017.
- Global ART coverage for pregnant and breastfeeding women living with HIV is high at 80%.
- The WHO African Region is the most affected region, with 25.7 million people living with HIV in 2017. The African region also accounts for over two thirds of the global total of new HIV infections.
- HIV infection is often diagnosed through rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), which detect the presence or absence of HIV antibodies. Most often these tests provide same-day test results, which are essential for same day diagnosis and early treatment and care.
- Key populations are groups who are at increased risk of HIV irrespective of epidemic type or local context. They include: men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, people in prisons and other closed settings, sex workers and their clients, and transgender people.
- Key populations often have legal and social issues related to their behaviours that increase vulnerability to HIV and reduce access to testing and treatment programmes.
- In 2017, an estimated 47% of new infections occurred among key populations and their partners.
- There is no cure for HIV infection. However, effective antiretroviral (ARV) drugs can control the virus and help prevent transmission so that people with HIV, and those at substantial risk, can enjoy healthy, long and productive lives.
- It is estimated that currently only 75% of people with HIV know their status. In 2017, 21.7 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) globally.
- Between 2000 and 2017, new HIV infections fell by 36%, and HIV-related deaths fell by 38% with 11.4 million lives saved due to ART in the same period. This achievement was the result of great efforts by national HIV programmes supported by civil society and a range of development partners.
(This Image was extracted from WHO)