Adolescent health, or youth health, is the range of approaches of preventing, detecting or treating young people’s health and well being .
Because adolescent or youth’s health are often complex, It requires a comprehensive, biopsychosocial approach.
These Facts must be taken into Cognizance:
- Estimated 1.2 million adolescents died in 2015, over 3000 every day, mostly from preventable or treatable causes.
- Road traffic injuries were the leading cause of death in 2015. Other major causes of adolescent deaths include lower respiratory infections, suicide, diarrhea diseases, and drowning.
- Globally, there are 44 births per 1000 to girls aged 15 to 19 per year.
- Half of all mental health disorders in adulthood start by age 14, but most cases are undetected and untreated.
- Around 1.2 billion people, or 1 in 6 of the world’s population, are adolescents aged 10 to 19.
The Health of this adolescent is more likely to be determined by the following factors:
- Environmental Factors
- Social Economic factors
- Genetic/ Hereditary factors.
- Cultural/ Traditional Factors
- Religious Factors
Having taking cognizance of all this factors ,it have been envisaged that Environmental factors is the most leading factors that affect the health of the youths owning to developmental stage and high social inclination, they easily mix up with anybody which may either make them or mar them. Some of them mixed up with children from uncultured family and become influenced. Many are exposed to much abuse most especially sexual abuse either from the same sex, opposite sex counterpart, family members, religious leaders etc. Some young people engage in risky behaviors that affect their health. Many young people experience multiple problems. These behaviors are established as a young person and go on to become their lifestyles in adult stage leading them to chronic health problems. Young people have specific health problems and developmental needs that differ from those of children or adults. Young people often engage in health risk behaviors that reflect the processes of adolescent development: experimentation and exploration, including using drugs and alcohol, sexual behavior, and other risk taking that affect their physical and mental health. Adolescent health also encompasses children’s and young people’s sexual and reproductive health (To be Discussed Later).
The World Health Organization describes the leading health related problems in the age group 10 – 19 years to include:
- Early pregnancy and childbirth
- Other infectious diseases
- Mental health problems including depression and suicide
- Alcohol and substance abuse.
- Injuries both unintentional and self-injury
- Sexual Transmitted Infection/ disease.
- Malnutrition and obesity
- Sexual Abuse And Rape Trauma
- Tobacco use
Young people often lack awareness of the harm associated with risk behaviors, and the skills to protect themselves as well as the lack knowledge about how and where to seek help for their health concerns. By intervening at this early life stage, many chronic conditions later in life can be prevented.
The Health Of the Youth Can Be sustained Through the cooperation of the Family with other bodies including:
- Political Sector
- Health Sector
- Legal Sector
- Educational Sector.
- Religious Organizations.
- Non –Governmental Organizations
- Voluntary Organizations
(Their roles of each sectors to be discussed soon)